THE DIPLOMATIC RELATIONSHIP between the US and Cuba is under strain due to what US officials say was a string of bizarre incidents that left a group of American diplomats in Havana with severe hearing loss.
This hearing loss has been attributed to a covert sonic device, authorities said.
In the autumn of 2016, a series of US diplomats began suffering unexplained losses of hearing, according to officials with knowledge of the investigation into the case.
Several of the diplomats were recent arrivals at the embassy, which re-opened in 2015 as part of former President Barack Obama’s re-establishment of diplomatic relations with Cuba.
Some of the diplomats’ symptoms were so severe that they were forced to cancel their tours early and return to the United States, officials said.
After months of investigation, US officials concluded that the diplomats had been exposed to an advanced device that operated outside the range of audible sound and had been deployed either inside or outside their residences.
It was not immediately clear if the device was a weapon used in a deliberate attack, or had some other purpose.
The US officials weren’t authorised to discuss the investigation publicly and spoke on condition of anonymity.
State Department spokeswoman Heather Nauert said the US retaliated by expelling two Cuban diplomats from their embassy in Washington on 23 May. She did not say how many US diplomats were affected or confirm they had suffered hearing loss, saying only that they had “a variety of physical symptoms”.
“Unjustified and baseless”
The Cuban government said in a lengthy statement late yesterday that “Cuba has never permitted, nor will permit, that Cuban territory be used for any action against accredited diplomatic officials or their families, with no exception”.
The statement from the Cuban Foreign Ministry said it had been informed of the incidents on 17 February and had launched an “exhaustive, high-priority, urgent investigation at the behest of the highest level of the Cuban government”.
It said the decision to expel two Cuban diplomats was “unjustified and baseless”.
The ministry said it had created an expert committee to analyse the incidents and had reinforced security around the US embassy and US diplomatic residences.
“Cuba is universally considered a safe destination for visitors and foreign diplomats, including US citizens,” the statement said.
US officials told The Associated Press that about five diplomats, several with spouses, had been affected and that no children had been involved. The FBI and Diplomatic Security Service are investigating.
Cuba employs a state security apparatus that keeps many people under surveillance and US diplomats are among the most closely monitored people on the island.
Like virtually all foreign diplomats in Cuba, the victims of the incidents lived in housing owned and maintained by the Cuban government.
However, officials familiar with the probe said investigators were looking into the possibilities that the incidents were carried out by a third country such as Russia, possibly operating without the knowledge of Cuba’s formal chain of command.
Nauert said investigators did not yet have a definitive explanation for the incidents but stressed they take them “very seriously”, as shown by the Cuban diplomats’ expulsions.
“We requested their departure as a reciprocal measure since some US personnel’s assignments in Havana had to be curtailed due to these incidents,” she said. “Under the Vienna Convention, Cuba has an obligation to take measures to protect diplomats.”